What Precious Metals are Allowed in IRAs?

Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) have long been a popular tool for individuals to save and invest for their retirement. While traditional IRAs often include stocks, bonds, and mutual funds, self-directed IRAs provide an avenue for investors to diversify their portfolios with alternative assets such as precious metals. Precious metals have a history of retaining value and acting as a hedge against inflation, making them an attractive option for retirement planning. In this article, we will explore the precious metals allowed in IRAs, the regulations governing their inclusion, and the benefits of diversifying your retirement portfolio with these assets.

Allowed Precious Metals in IRAs

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) permits a specific set of precious metals to be held within self-directed IRAs. These metals include gold, silver, platinum, and palladium. However, not all forms of these metals are eligible for inclusion. The IRS specifies that only certain types of coins and bars meet the criteria for investment in IRAs. These metals must also meet a minimum purity level, ensuring their authenticity and value.

1. Gold: Eligible gold coins and bars for IRAs include American Gold Eagles, American Gold Buffalos, and Canadian Gold Maple Leafs. These coins are guaranteed by their respective governments for weight and purity. Additionally, gold bars produced by approved refiners that meet a minimum fineness of 99.5% are also eligible.

2. Silver: Approved silver coins include American Silver Eagles and Canadian Silver Maple Leafs. For silver bars, the minimum purity requirement is 99.9%.

3. Platinum: Platinum is less common in IRAs but is still an option. Eligible platinum coins include American Platinum Eagles, while acceptable platinum bars must have a minimum fineness of 99.95%.

4. Palladium: Palladium’s inclusion in IRAs is relatively recent. American Palladium Eagles are the primary option for coins, and palladium bars must meet a minimum purity of 99.95%.

Regulations and Considerations

It’s important to note that not all forms of precious metals are allowed in IRAs. Collectible coins, such as numismatic or rare coins, do not meet the IRS criteria for inclusion. Additionally, jewelry and other personal items made from precious metals are not eligible. The IRS places restrictions on the storage and possession of these metals. They must be held by a qualified custodian, typically a financial institution experienced in handling alternative assets, to ensure compliance with IRS regulations.

Benefits of Including Precious Metals in IRAs

Diversification: Precious metals offer a unique form of diversification in a retirement portfolio. They have historically demonstrated a low correlation with traditional assets like stocks and bonds, making them an effective hedge against market volatility.

Inflation Hedge: Precious metals are often considered a safeguard against inflation. As the value of paper currency erodes over time due to inflationary pressures, the intrinsic value of precious metals can appreciate, helping to preserve wealth.

Tangible Asset: Unlike stocks or bonds, precious metals are tangible assets that you physically own. This characteristic provides a sense of security and ownership, as well as a potential source of value if market conditions are favorable.

Long-Term Preservation: Precious metals have proven their ability to withstand economic downturns and geopolitical uncertainties over the centuries. Including them in your retirement portfolio can provide stability during tumultuous times.


Incorporating precious metals into your self-directed IRA can offer a strategic means of diversifying your retirement portfolio. Gold, silver, platinum, and palladium, when held in eligible forms, can serve as a valuable hedge against inflation and market volatility. As you consider your retirement planning, it’s essential to research and consult with financial professionals well-versed in alternative investments to make informed decisions about including precious metals in your IRA. While they may not be suitable for every investor, the potential benefits of these tangible assets can enhance your overall retirement strategy.